Why President Trump Likes the Senate Tax Plan

President Donald Trump would like to enact tax reform legislation before 2018.

But there are huge divisions between the Senate tax bill, released on Thursday, and the House bill from last week. Whether the House and Senate can shore up their differences to pass legislation in the next six weeks is an open question.

The president, however, says he favors the Senate plan. “You’re going to like it a whole lot more,” he reportedly told a group of Democratic Senators this week.

Responding to criticisms that the House bill overwhelming favors the wealthiest earners–nearly half of the cuts would go to the nation’s wealthiest one percent of earners according to research–the Senate bill attempts to shore up popular tax incentives for the middle class.

It also makes some important tweaks to the House plan regarding corporate taxes and taxes for the wealthy.

Here’s a quick look at the differences in the Senate bill.

  • The Senate plan maintains seven tax brackets. The House plan would have reduced the number of brackets to four, eliminating the bottom rate of 10%. The standard deduction–or amount of income free from taxes–for families and individuals, however, would double to $24,000 and $12,000 respectively in both the Senate and House bills.
  • The interest deduction will remain, for mortgages up to $1 million. The House plan would have sliced the size of eligible mortgages in half.
  • Big companies will have to wait until 2019 to see their tax rate go down to 20%, from a current rate of around 35%. The House bill would have cut the corporate rate immediately.
  • The deduction for medical expenses will stay; The House plan eliminates this deduction. Health care groups and other lobbyists criticized the House plan for imposing a burden on individuals and families with big medical needs. A similar deduction for student loan interest, excluded from the House bill, would stay in the Senate version.
  • Deductions for state and local taxes would disappear. The House plan would have allowed a $10,000 property tax deduction. Representatives in high tax states including New York, New Jersey and California object to this provision.
  • The estate tax of 40% would remain, but for estates valued at $11 million or more, or double the current estate value. The House plan would have eliminated the estate tax entirely by 2024.

Republicans would like to cut taxes by $1.5 trillion over the next decade. But the House tax plan would create a deficit closer to $1.7 trillion according to the Congressional Budget Office, and increase the national debt by at least $3 trillion over the next decade, according to a new analysis by the Tax Policy Center.

House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) told NPR on Thursday that he expects a reconciled bill to emerge in the House by late next week.

Top Takeaways:

  • The Senate released its own bill for tax reform on Thursday.
  • The Senate plan would keep seven tax brackets, but the standard deduction will double.
  • The mortgage interest deduction will stay stay the same.
  • Deductions for medical expenses and student loans will stay.

LISTEN HERE: “What’s Inside the Republican Tax Plan?”

Jeremy Quittner is the financial writer for Stash.

This material has been distributed for informational and educational purposes only, represents an assessment of the market environment as of the date of publication, is subject to change without notice, and is not intended as investment, legal, accounting, or tax advice or opinion. Stash assumes no obligation to provide notifications of changes in any factors that could affect the information provided. This information should not be relied upon by the reader as research or investment advice regarding any issuer or security in particular. The strategies discussed are strictly for illustrative and educational purposes and should not be construed as a recommendation to purchase or sell, or an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any security. There is no guarantee that any strategies discussed will be effective.

Furthermore, the information presented does not take into consideration commissions, tax implications, or other transactional costs, which may significantly affect the economic consequences of a given strategy or investment decision. This information is not intended as a recommendation to invest in any particular asset class or strategy or as a promise of future performance. There is no guarantee that any investment strategy will work under all market conditions or is suitable for all investors. Each investor should evaluate their ability to invest long term, especially during periods of downturn in the market. Investors should not substitute these materials for professional services, and should seek advice from an independent advisor before acting on any information presented.

Past performance does not guarantee future results. There is a potential for loss as well as gain in investing. Stash does not represent in any manner that the circumstances described herein will result in any particular outcome. While the data and analysis Stash uses from third party sources is believed to be reliable, Stash does not guarantee the accuracy of such information. Nothing in this article should be considered as a solicitation or offer, or recommendation, to buy or sell any particular security or investment product or to engage in any investment strategy. No part of this material may be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without express written permission. Stash does not provide personalized financial planning to investors, such as estate, tax, or retirement planning. Investment advisory services are only provided to investors who become Stash Clients pursuant to a written Advisory Agreement. For more information please visit www.stashinvest.com/disclosures.